Gum disease is also known as periodontal (pronounced: per-ee-oh-don-tul) disease.
Periodontal disease is an infection of the tissues and the bone that support the teeth. Untreated gum disease can become very serious, causing teeth to become loose or fall out.
Gum disease is usually caused by a buildup of plaque, an invisible sticky layer of germs that forms naturally on the teeth and gums. Plaque contains bacteria, which produce toxins that irritate and damage the gums.
Hundreds of types of bacteria live in the mouth, so keeping plaque at bay is a constant battle. That’s why brushing and flossing every day – and regular trips to the dentist – are so important.
Fortunately, there is good news: Gum disease is usually preventable. Just take care of your teeth, starting now. Don’t wait!
Brush twice a day for at least 3 minutes each time (about the length of your favorite song), and floss daily. If you’re not sure whether you’re brushing or flossing properly, your dentist or dental hygienist can show you the best techniques. Always brush with a toothpaste that contains fluoride; some dentists also recommend daily mouth rinses containing fluoride. Use a toothbrush with soft, polished bristles, as these are less likely to irritate or injure gum tissue. Be sure to replace your toothbrush at least every 3 to 4 months – a worn-out toothbrush can injure your gums (Some toothbrush brands contain color indicators on the bristles to remind you to replace them when they wear out).
Eat a healthy diet. Avoid snacks and junk food packed with sugar that plaque-causing bacteria love to feed on. Don’t smoke! Cigarettes and chewing tobacco cause mouth irritation and are very unhealthy for gums and teeth. Regular dental care is extremely important to keep your mouth healthy. Visit your nearest Dental Aesthetica clinic at least twice a year.